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Brief History of Pumps
Tanggal posting : 11-02-2014
Pengirim : World Pumps - dilihat 2080

Ten years ago, World Pumps put together a brief history of the pump industry telling the story of pump development since the Egyptians invented the ‘shadoof’ in 200BC. We stopped then at 1999, but here we bring the story right up to date with some of the main industry events of recent times.

Fifty years ago, Trade & Technical Press launched a new magazine to report on technical developments in pumps. The original title of Pumping was short-lived, being soon supplanted by the pan-European Pumps, Pompes, Pumpen in 1965 as the magazine linked up with the fledgling Europump association. Over the next seventeen years, the pump industry became increasingly international and in 1982, the publisher decided to mark this trend by re-launching the magazine as World Pumps.

The thirtieth anniversary year saw Trade & Technical Press acquired by Elsevier Science Ltd who incorporated the magazine into its Elsevier Advanced Technology Division. Since then, a number of editorial changes have brought with them new approaches as the industry matures. There have been reviews of software and web pages, eventually eclipsed by sheer numbers. An annual International Buyers’ Guide has been published since 1997, and is now supplemented by an on-line version. Since 2003 World Pumps has worked with BPMA on the annual prestigious Pump Industry Awards. The magazine now features regular contributions from the Hydraulic Institute, underlining its international credentials.

Man has been using pumps of some type for 4000 years, which makes 50 years a very short time in the history of pumping. Indeed, looking back at the most significant developments in technology, the last fifty years seem relatively insignificant. By 1959, all the major pump designs had been introduced and mostly developed into commercial products. So what has World Pumps been writing about for the past 50 years?

Driving trends

One trend has been the increasing importance of niche positive displacement pumps, particularly rotary types. Peristaltic, progressing cavity and rotary lobe pumps have all risen in profile as their capabilities have been introduced to new markets by improved communications. Increasing competition has meant that users have been more inclined to experiment in the search for the ideal pump for difficult duties.

The trends that have affected all of us have also had their impact on the pump market. Increased environmental awareness gave a real boost to pumps without shaft seals. Magnetic drive and canned motor units have thrived and even produced a hybrid combining the two technologies. Pump shaft sealing has also changed dramatically. Asbestos in packing is outlawed and today the vast majority of new pumps are supplied with mechanical seals, often in factory-assembled cartridge format to avoid the risk of face damage during handling.

Materials have also developed. Sea-water pumps have seen gunmetal and aluminium bronze replaced by highly alloyed super-austenitic and super-duplex stainless steels. New non-metals have made possible tiny pumps for human implant. Ceramics and tungsten/silicon carbide have vastly reduced wear rates in pumps of all sizes. Even large sub-sea variable speed super-synchronous drive motors for pumps are now possible.

Overtaken by computers

Electronics and computers have overtaken all our lives and inevitably have entered the physical world of pumps in the form of variable speed drives (VSD's), SCADA systems and condition monitoring equipment. Integral VSDs on in-line pumping units now dominate the building services market. Pump selection software has speeded up the process of choosing a pump, as well as opening opportunities in marketing. For the designer, CAD and CFD have reached new heights. They can now interact but they still have some way to go before they fully replace personal expertise.

Life cycle costing has become a part of everyday life and has shown that energy costs usually eclipse all other lifetime costs. Vast savings are frequently realised by system improvement but appropriate legislation is practically impossible to formulate. Although pump efficiency improvements give relatively small returns for large outlays, legislation for raising efficiency now exists in Korea and China. The European Commission, as part of its Energy Using Products Directive, has targeted the raising of efficiencies of water pumps. Europump has been instrumental in assisting the EC in this task and has proposeda method for eliminating bad performers.

We are all aware that in recent years, discussions about the pump industry have been dominated by talk of mergers, takeovers and disposals. Indeed, as we consider the major pump makers of 2009, it is hard to name one which has not changed markedly since 1959.

Comings and goings

ITT, IDP, Sterling Fluid Systems, Grundfos, Wilo and ABS have changed almost beyond recognition. Established independent makers like Harland, Flygt, Worthington and now Weir Pumps have disappeared, whilst newer names like Textron, Constellation Capital, IDEX, Pentair and Flowserve have arrived on the scene, continuing the trend for the biggest companies to get bigger.

Other interesting changes include diversification. For example, after more than 50 years of providing submersible motors to pump makers, Franklin Electric has ‘pulled the plug’ and now buys pump companies to produce its own units.

Mind you, it is also interesting to note from the chronology of the pump industry listed below, that even in the early years of this magazine mergers and acquisitions were not unknown and ever since there has been a continuous environment of change.

Global marketplace

Probably the biggest single change in this industry has been the transition from a local to a global marketplace. Fifty years ago we had only national trade associations but today the significant impetus in inter-company relations is at intercontinental level. The Europump Association has grown massively in stature and effectiveness in its 49 years, and now works in close partnership with the Hydraulic Institute in the US. This partnership reflects ever closer cooperation between pump manufacturers' associations, a development that mirrors this magazine's evolution from national through European to global coverage.


A brief history of the pump industry


2000 BC Egyptians invent the shadoof
200 BC Ctesibius invents the reciprocating pump; Archimedean screw pump described (but not invented) by Archimedes
1580 Sliding vane pump invented by Ramelli; Serviere invents the gear pump
1650 Otto van Guericke invents his piston vacuum pump
1674 Sir Samuel Morland patents the packed plunger pump
1738 Ural hydraulic machinery plant established
1790 Plenty Ltd established
  Thomas Simpson establishes his pump business in London Hayward Tyler established
1830 Screw pump invented by Revillion
1834 Sulzer Brothers founded
1840 Henry R Worthington invents the first direct-acting steam pump
1848 Goulds Pumps founded
1851 John Gwynne patents his centrifugal pump improvements
1853 Bornemann Pumpen founded
1856 Gilbert Gilkes & Gordon founded
1857 Roper Pump Company founded
  Jacob Edson invents the diaphragm pump and founds the Edson Corporation
1860 David Brown commences business as pattern maker
  Allweiler founded
  A.S. Cameron invents the first reciprocating steam pump
1862 Lawrence Pumps established; Philipp Hilge founded
1866 Lederle founded
  Sigma Lutin founded; Stork Pumpen founded Scanpump founded
1871 KSB established; Southern Cross established in Australia
  George and James Weir set up the partnership that forms the Weir Group
1872 Weise & Monski, Ochsner, Byron Jackson and Wilo founded
1873 G & J Weir moves to Glasgow
1875 Hodgkin and Neuhaus, forerunner of SPP, founded
1877 Ritz Pumpenfabrik established
1878 Steimel founded; Hodgkin and Neuhaus becomes the Pulsometer Engineering Company Ltd
1881 Halberg Maschinenbau founded
1883 Holden & Brooke founded
  A W Chesterton founded
1888 Kirloskar Brothers Ltd founded
1890 Salmson starts making pumps in Paris; Osna Pumpen established
1893 Uraca Pumpenfabrik founded
1894 Sero Pumpenfabrik founded
  Peroni founded
1896 KSB opens UK subsidiary; Dia Pumpen founded
1897 Wirth founded
  Worthington Pump Company and Thomas Simpson amalgamate to form Worthington Simpson Ltd
1901 Flygt's forerunner Stenberg founded
1903 Rateau founded
1905 Leistritz Company established
1906 Stuart Turner Ltd founded
1907 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries produces its first pump
1909 Tristam Pumpen and Pumpen fabrik Ernst Vogel founded
  Ingersoll-Rand enters the pump business by acquiring the Cameron Steam Pumps Works
1910 Gilbarco produces its first gasoline pump
  Dickow Pumpen and Hitachi founded
1911 Jens Nielsen builds the first Viking internal gear pump, founding the Viking Pump Company
1912 Ebara Corporation founded; Duriron (Durco Pumps) founded
1916 Hazleton Pumps founded as Barrett Haentjens and Co.
  Worthington Pump & Machinery Corporation acquires Worthington Simpson Ltd
1917 John Crane founded; Hydraulic Institute established
  Louis Bergeron invented the concrete volute pump and founded Bergeron S.A.
1918 Scanpump and CCM Sulzer founded
1919 Torishima Pump Mfg Co and Kawamoto Pump Mfg established
1920 Bombas Itur, Wernert Pumpen and SIHI established
1921 LaBour founded
1922 Midland Dairy Machines founded
1923 Peerless founded; Pacific Pumps founded
1924 Jung Pumpen established; Leistritz starts making screw pumps
  Rheinhuette starts pump production
1926 Arai Pump Mfg. Co. founded
1927 Industrial Filter and Pump Mfg Co forerunner founded
  Edur Pumpenfabrik founded
1928 Girdlestone Pumps founded
1929 Heishin Works, and Houttuin founded
  Pleuger pioneers the submersible turbine pump motor
  Stenberg and Flygt commence their cooperation
1930 René Moineau receives a doctorate for his thesis which will lead to the invention of the progressing cavity pump
  Ensival starts selling centrifugal pumps
  Reda Pump Company founded
1931 Imo established by Ingeström and Montelius
  VNII Gidromash research and design organization founded in Moscow
1932 PCM founded; Sarlin Pumps founded; Bran+Luebbe founded
1933 Bush pump invented; Gormann-Rupp established
1936 Robbins & Myers acquires North American license for the Moineau progressing cavity pump
  Mono Pumps Ltd formed to manufacture and distribute Moineau's pump design in the UK
1937 Sigmund Pumps Ltd (GB) established
1938 Ebsray and Warman International founded
1940 Grindex founded; Dresser acquires Pacific Pumps
1941 British Pump Manufacturers Association founded
  Smedegaard Pumps founded
1944 Franklin Electric founded
1945 Grundfos Pumps, Caprari and Flexibox founded
1946 Cornell Pumps, Klaus Union, Totton Pumps founded
1947 HMD Seal/Less Pumps established; Hyundai founded
1948 Abel Pumps launched; Mast Pumpen founded
  Stenberg Flygt AB designs the first submersible drainage pump; Varisco starts pump production
1949 HMD supplies its first production magnet-drive pump
1950 Batescrew estabIished; Delasco founded
1951 Saer Elettropompe, Tsurumi, Netzsch Mohno pumpen founded
1952 Lewa and Rovatti founded
1953 Nikkiso established
1954 Orlita and Sta-Rite founded
  Bell & Gossett opens its Little Red Schoolhouse training facility
1955 Wilden and DMW Corporation established
  Borg-Warner acquires Byron Jackson

Flygt introduces the submersible sewage pump

1957 Richter Chemie-Technik founded
  Centrilift founded
1958 Heishin Works becomes Heishin Pump Works Co Ltd
  SSP Pumps founded
1959 World Pumps is launched as Pumping
  ABS and Calpeda founded
1960 David Brown Pumps division formed
  Europump established
1961 Ingersoll-Rand acquires the Aldrich Pump Company
  Pulsometer Engineering joins the Booker McConnel Group, which had already acquired Sigmund Pumps
1962 Acromet commences operations
1964 First edition of the Pumping Manual published
1965 Nigo's Pumps incorporated in India; Warren Rupp founded
  Sulzer acquires majority interest in Weise & Monski
  Pumping becomes Pumps, Pompes, Pumpen
1966 Crisafulli Pump Company founded; ITT acquires Jabsco
1967 Scienco founded
1968 Johnson Pump International founded
  ITT Corporation acquires Flygt
1969 Weir acquires Harland Engineering; Worthington acquires Worthington-Simpson
1970 Alma Pompe founded; Weir buys Drysdale; Ingersoll-Rand buys Sigmund Pumps Ltd (GB) in Gateshead, UK
1971 SIHI takes over Halberg; Gévelot group acquires Delasco
  Turbosan founded
  Seepex Seeberger founded
1973 Crest Pumps Ltd founded
1976 Worthington acquires Sier-Bath Pump Division from Gilbarco
1977 Ingersoll-Rand buys Western Land Roller Irrigation Pumps
  Sterling Fluid Systems (TBG) buys Peerless Pump
1978 Thompsons acquires the pump manufacturing operations of Kelly & Lewis to form Thompsons, Kelly & Lewis
1979 Totton Pumps bought by Wolseley plc
  SPP acquires Godiva Fire Pumps
1981 Red Jacket and Hydromatic merge to form Marley Pump
  Sterling Fluid Systems takes a half share in SIHI
1982 Pumps, Pompes, Pumpen is relaunched as World Pumps Magazine
  Biwater acquires Wallwin Pumps
  SPP is subject to a management buy-out
1984 First Texas A&M Pump Users Symposium
  SIHI buys the canned motor programme of Bran+Luebbe
1985 Dresser Industries acquires Worthington Pumps
  KSB acquires Pompes Guinard; Scanpump acquires Pumpex
  SIHI buys the pump programme of MAN
  Pentair acquires FE Myers; Goulds
  Pumps acquires Lowara
  SPP acquires Henry Sykes plc
1987 Bedford Pumps launched; BW/IP formed by management buy-out of Borg-Warner's Industrial Products subsidiary
  Weir buys Mather and Platt Machinery; SIHI France buys Schabaver; Dresser acquires Pleuger Pumps
1988 KSB acquires a majority stake in Georgia Iron Works
  Scanpump acquires Pompes Lefi; Idex Corporation founded
  Weir buys the large pumps business of WH Allen & Gwynnes from NEI; BW/IP acquires United Centrifugal Pumps
  Braithwaite acquires SPP and sells off Godiva Fire Pumps
1989 Elsevier acquires World Pumps; Scanpump acquires ABS; Pearce Pump Supply founded
  TBG acquires SPP Ltd as part of Sterling Fluid Systems
  Dresser Industries acquires Mono Pumps Ltd; Ingersoll-Rand acquires Scienco Ltd
  Watson-Marlow bought by Spirax-Sarco
1991 Idex acquires Corken; Baker Hughes acquires Geho
1992 Ingersoll-Rand and Dresser Industries merge their pump businesses to form Ingersoll Dresser Pumps (IDP)
  Warman acquires Girdlestone Pumps
  Idex acquires Pulsafeeder and Johnson Pump (UK) Ltd
  Weir buys Floway; BW/IP buys ACEC
  Ebara establishes state-of-the-art manufacturing plant in Italy
1993 United Dominion acquires Marley Pump
  Vogel acquires Ochsner
  Sterling Fluid Systems acquires LaBour
1994 Weir acquires EnviroTech Pumpsys tems
  Warman acquires Barrett Haentjens
  Idex acquires Hale Products;
  Goulds acquires Vogel
  ITT buys Richter Chemie-Technik
  Sundstrand acquires HMD Seal/less Pumps
1995 Idex acquires Micropump; BW/IP acquires the Wilson-Snyder centrifugal pump business from National Oilwell
  Durametallic acquires Pacseal and then is bought by Duriron
1996 Hayward Tyler sold by Sterling Fluid Systems, which buys the remaining half share in SIHI; Grundfos acquires Interdab
  Pump Industry Analyst launched
  BW/IP acquires Stork Pumps' engineered pumps business
  Johnson Pumps International acquires the modular pumps business
  Durco and BW/IP merge to form Flowserve Corp.
  ITT Industries acquires Goulds
  Idex acquires Blagdon Pumps
  Textron acquires Maag Pump Systems
  Spirax-Sarco acquires Bredel
  Pentair acquires General Signal's Pump Group
  Constellation Capital acquires Imo
  David Brown acquires Union Pump Company
  Gilbert Gilkes & Gordon buys Wallwin Pumps from Biwater
  Textron buys David Brown Union Pumps
  Constellation Capital buys Allweiler; Glynwed acquires Friatec; Sundstrand acquires Ansimag and Masco; Weir buys Schabaver
1999 Hayward Tyler acquires APV Industrial Pumps
  Ebara acquires Cryostar cryogenic pumps
  Howard Anderson buys Pullen Pumps
  Sterling Fluid Systems acquires QVF Engineering (Germany)
  United Technologies Corp acquires Sundstrand
  Textron buys KSB Annecy (France)
  Weir Group acquires Warman International (including Girdle stone Pumps)
  United Dominion Industries acquires Bran+Luebbe; Ensival merges with Moret
2000 Flowserve acquires IDP
  ABS acquires CH&E Pumps (USA)
  Cat Pumps (UK) buys Ram Pumps
  Grundfos acquires Myson and Sarlin Pumps
  Sulzer acquires Ahlstrom Pumps
  Watson-Marlow Bredel acquires Alitea (Sweden)
  Roper acquires Abel; Blackmer buys Chesterton's System One pumps
  Sulzer (temporarily) decides to leave the pump business; Sundyne acquires Caster (Italy)
2001 SPX acquires United Dominion Industries
  Godwin Pumps of America acquires Godwin Pumps (UK)
  Lightnin (of SPX) acquires Plenty Group
  Metso acquires Svedala; Idex acquires Versa-Matic
2002 Gorman-Rupp acquires American Machine and Tool
  Grundfos takes controlling interest in Chung Suk (Korea)
  ITT acquires Svedala Robot (Holland)
  Idex acquires Wrightech (USA)
2003 National Oilwell acquires Mono and Corlac (Canada)
  Wilo acquires EMU
  Weir Engineering Services acquires Allen Gwynnes pump business
  Kirloskar acquires SPP Pumps; KSB acquires controlling share in Bombas Itur (Spain)
2004 Howden pumps merge with Orbit in South Africa; Flowserve acquire Thompsons, Kelly & Lewis; Armstrong Pumps buy Holden Brooke Pullen, Baric and RMI
  Grundfos take control of Philipp Hilge
  Dover Resources acquire Almatec
2005 Grundfos takes over Tesla (Italian submersible motor maker)
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